Mental Health Series: Depression

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About Course

Depression is a complex and widespread mental health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can impact all aspects of life, from relationships to work performance and overall well-being. Depression goes beyond simply feeling sad. It is a mood disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed. Depression can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, or background, and often transcends temporary emotional states.

One direct consequence of untreated depression is disrupted relationships with others. The feelings of sadness, quick irritability, and a sense of isolation that often accompany depression can make it difficult for individuals to connect with their loved ones. Communication may break down, leading to misunderstandings, conflicts, and a sense of distance.

Depression can significantly impair an individual’s ability to perform well at work or school. Low energy, difficulty concentrating, and decreased motivation can lead to reduced productivity and performance. This can result in missed opportunities, financial stress, and even job loss or academic setbacks.

Depression not only affects mental health but can also have a significant impact on physical well-being. Research has shown a strong link between untreated depression and various health problems, including heart disease, immune system issues, and more.

One of the most concerning consequences of untreated depression is the increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Feelings of despair and worthlessness can make individuals vulnerable to contemplating or attempting suicide. Seeking help and intervention are crucial in preventing these tragic outcomes. Overall, untreated depression can greatly diminish one’s quality of life. The continuous emotional pain, coupled with its ripple effects on relationships, work, physical health, and more, can make individuals feel trapped and unable to fully enjoy life.

This course delves into the fundamental knowledge of depression. It is part of the Wellbeing Campus program organized by the Health Promoting University (HPU) at Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with the Center for Public Mental Health (CPMH) at the Faculty of Psychology, UGM. The aim of this course is to equip students with sufficient and accurate literacy regarding depression, enabling them to carry out early detection and provide appropriate initial responses to cases of depression.

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What Will You Learn?

  • Participants will gain an understanding of the concepts of emotions, mood disorders, and depression.
  • Participants will be able to identify the risk and protective factors of depression.
  • Participants will be able to list the symptoms and signs of depression.
  • Participants will acquire knowledge of prevention and management strategies for depression in collaboration with professionals.

Course Content

Understanding Emotions and Mood
Many people have misconceptions about the concepts of emotions and moods. In this section, we will explain the differences between these concepts and their interrelationships.

  • Video

Exploring Various Types of Depression
In this topic, we will discuss the definition of depression and the four types of depressive disorders: major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder. Additionally, we will outline behavioral strategies for addressing the mentioned signs

Risk And Protective Factors of Depression
Depression is a common mental disorder, but not everyone experiences it. In this section, we will explore the risk factors that can lead individuals to experience depression and the protective factors that can shield individuals from it

Biological Mechanisms of Depression
Why do some people experience depression? In this segment, participants will learn how the process of experiencing depression unfolds in one's life, with a focus on the underlying biological changes.

Religion and Depression
Society often pits religion against mental disorders, such as depression. But are they truly contradictory? In this topic, we will elucidate the relationship between religion and mental health, especially regarding depression.

Sadness, Loss, and Depression
This section will cover the stages of grief according to Kubler-Ross when dealing with the loss of a loved one, along with ways to assist those experiencing grief.

Depression Prevention Methods
Not everyone is susceptible to depression; it all depends on how individuals respond to the pressures and stresses in their lives. This topic will address methods and techniques for depression prevention.

Emotion Management Skills
Depressive disorders are intertwined with emotions and their regulation. This section will emphasize the importance of understanding and managing emotions, as well as practical steps for daily life in emotional management.

Depression Intervention Approaches
People with depressive disorders come from diverse backgrounds, and appropriate interventions are crucial for survivors to confront their challenges and emerge from depression. This topic will discuss various types of interventions for depression conducted by professionals and through expert research

Depression Detection
To prevent depressive disorders, it is essential to learn about accompanying symptoms to avoid exacerbating the condition. In this section, we will describe the nine symptoms of depressive disorders

Seeking Help For Depression
This topic is the final part of the Common Mental Disorder: Depression series. After comprehensive learning about depression, this section will elucidate help-seeking behavior. It covers what help-seeking behavior is, the supporters and barriers to seeking psychological assistance, and the steps to obtain psychological help.

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